A black eye is a proof of something that has gone wrong with you and had left your skin around eye bruised.There are different causes for the appearance of a black eye. The most common reason for a black eye is the blow to eye, nose, face or forehead. Depending on the position of the blow one or both eyes may be affected.
• Blow to the nose usually causes both eyes to swell and change the color as the fluids from the nasal injury get between the tissues and the loose skin around the eye.
• Some head injuries called basilar skull fracture leads to black eye and swelling and this is known as “raccoon eyes”.
A blow to your face, nose or any other parts around your eye leads to a collection of blood and other fluids around the eye. Just because the skin doesn’t break there doesn’t mean that blood has not oozed out of your veins. This internal blood collects all around your eye and makes the skin around it change color, from red to purple and then dark purple to the black eye.
In most cases, a black eye is like any other bruise and is not a cause for extreme concern. However, it is always important to have an eye doctor examine a black eye before trying to treat it on your own.
1. Cold Compress
Ice is foolproof and most trusted remedy to cure black eye as it constricts the blood vessels, thus reducing the swelling. It even makes the area numb and reduces the pain to a very great extent. Wrap some ice cubes in a muslin cloth and apply it regularly on the affected area.
- One of the easiest ways to cure black eye is to refrigerate a metal spoon and apply it. It will inhibit the inflammation and irritation.
Note: Do not apply the ice or cold objects directly to the affected area as it may worsen the condition.
2. Warm Compress
After one or two days of getting a black eye, you need to apply warm compresses. This will help increase blood flow to the tissues around the eye and accelerate the healing process.
- Dip a clean cloth in warm water, and squeeze out the excess water.
- Put the warm cloth on the affected eye until the cloth becomes cool.
- Repeat the process several times a day.
If it doesn’t cause pain, you can also massage the area gently. This will help improve blood circulation and remove the dried blood accumulated under the skin.
3. Snack on pineapple
This tropical fruit contains a mixture of enzymes that reduce inflammation and speed healing, which may help your shiner go away faster.
4. Natural Oil
You can use any natural oil to slightly massage the affected area. This will help to relieve the swelling faster. The best option is olive oil as it has antiseptic properties. Do not apply pressure while massaging as this may cause more pain.
Calendula, also known as marigold, is commonly used to reduce inflammation and promote wound healing. It can also be used to reduce the swelling and bruising associated with the black eye.
- Put a handful of petals separated from fresh calendula flowers in a cup of hot water.
- Allow it to steep for 10 to 15 minutes and then place it in the refrigerator for about half an hour
- Soak a clean washcloth in this cool solution and place it on the eye area for about 5 minutes.
- Do this a few times for a few days.
6. Keep Head Elevated to Prevent Further Swelling of Black Eye
As soon as you realize that you may get a black, elevate your head and keep it like this no matter whether you stand, sit or sleep. Keeping your head elevated is particularly important during the first 24 hours but needed even after that till your black eye heals completely. Elevated head means that you are limiting the blood flow to the sensitive area, thus preventing swelling there.
Tips to Keep your Head Elevated to Prevent Swollen Black Eye
- Don’t keep your head flat or below your body level when you lie down.
- When sleeping, use a couple of extra pillows under your head to keep it elevated.
- Don’t look down when sitting your standing. If you need to see something, bring it above your eyes’ level.
7. Vitamin C
Though vitamin C may do more to reduce how easily you bruise (by strengthening blood vessels, reducing their tendency to leak after blunt trauma), it also may help speed the healing of your black eye.